Although there are several different classifications of lavender, we primarily grow lavender cultivars from two classifications: lavandula x intermedia and lavandula angustifolia.
Lavandula x intermedia (also called Lavandins or French lavender)
Lavandula x intermedia (lavandins) are a hybrid of Lavandula Angustifolia ("narrow leaf") and Lavandula Latifolia ("broad leaf"). The Angustifolia is known for its fragrance and the Latifolia (sometimes called spike lavender) is know for its tall spikes. Intermedias are often grown for their oil which is used for bath and body products. They are not a good lavender for culinary use since they contain more camphor and would have a more medicinal taste. Intermedias tend to be larger plants in general, so they require a little more spacing than angustifolias.
Here's what's growing in the field now:
Gros Bleu (Lavandula x intermedia "gros bleu")
Flower Color: Dark Violet Blue Stem Length: 20-24 in Plant Height: 36-40 in Best uses: oil, sachets, fresh bouquets and dried wreaths and bouquets
Gros Bleu is a dark blue (almost navy) colored lavandin with a clean, lavender scent. It makes a beautiful fresh bouquet a rather “flowy” look, and makes a beautiful wreath (though the buds do tend to shed easily, so don’t put it on a door) It also makes a beautiful dried bouquet since it holds its color really well, and is great for sachets. It also yields a very lovely essential oil. Gros Bleu is a larger plant (36-40 inches across) with nice long stems (20-24 inches) and needs adequate spacing to allow for air flow between the plants. It blooms in early-mid summer, with an additional small late summer/early fall bloom if you're lucky.
Impress Purple (Lavendula x intermedia "Impress Purple")
Flower Color: purple Stem Length: 20-24 inches Plant Height: 36-42 inches Best Uses: Fresh and dried bouquets, sachets Impress Purple was originally a French field variety. It was imported into New Zealand and renamed ‘Impress Purple’ by Peter Smale in 1994. It makes a beautiful cut flower because its stems are long, strong, and straight, and the rich purple buds have a bit of stripiness to them that gives them a silvery look. The buds also stay on the stem well. The spikes are long and the whorls are compact. The dried buds are also good for sachets The color is a medium purple, somewhere between the dark purple of gros bleu and the medium purple of grosso. I have it sandwiched between those two varieties in my field so that my field gets slightly lighter the further out your go. Impress Purple, like other intermedias, blooms early to mid summer. It's a large plant, one of the largest, and forms a nice mound of grey-green foliage so that it looks nice even when it isn’t in bloom.
Grosso Lavender (Lavandula x intermedia "grosso")
Flower Color: Medium Violet Blue Stem Length: 20-24 in Plant Height: 32-36 in Best uses: oil, fresh and dried bouquets, sachets
Grosso is a workhorse. It is a vigorous lavender with grey/green foliage, nice long stems, and medium purple blooms, which arrive in abundance from early to mid summer. Grosso was discovered in France in 1972 and is a very popular choice for commercial growers due to its high oil yield and wonderful scent. In fact, most of the lavender oil produced in the world comes from Grosso. It is the main lavender we use for oil distillation because it smells so good and produces more oil than other varieties. In addition to oil, its stems make beautiful fresh or dried bouquets and its buds are great for sachets.
Lavandula Angustifolia (also known as English lavender)
Angustifolia lavender is considered a "true" lavender as it isn't a hybrid. It is valued for its culinary uses, having a sweeter taste and smell than the lavadins. But it is also highly valued for its oil and buds for sachets. In general, this lavender is a slower grower than the hybrids and a smaller plant.
Royal Velvet (Lavendula Angustifolia "Royal Velvet")
Flower Color: Dark Violet Blue Stem Length: 12-14 inches Plant Height: 20-24 inches Best uses: fresh and dried bouquets, culinary, oil/hydrosol
Royal Velvet is a bit of an overachiever. It is a wonderful culinary lavender (with an almost citric-y taste to it), it makes a beautiful fresh or dried bouquet, its oil is lovely. It does everything well. And it was discovered right here in Oregon at the Van Hevelingen Herb Nursery just a few miles from our farm in the 1980s. This lavender has a compact growth habit with grey-green foliage. It is a bit of a late bloomer, but it’s worth the wait. Its buds look like dark purple velvet (thus the name) and the purple flowers offer a beautiful contrast and make a beautiful fresh bouquet. The color is just breathtaking. The buds stay on the stem and hold their dark color so they are great for dried bouquets and wreaths. It blooms in late spring and again in late summer if pruned.
French Fields (Lavendula Angustifolia "French Fields")
Flower Color: light/medium purple Stem Length: 12 –15 inches Plant Height: 24-30 inches Best Uses: culinary, dried and fresh bouquets
French Fields is a beautiful light purple lavender and is my first bloomer every year. I had one plant up by our house and I liked it so much that I took some cuttings and propagated 60 plants to put out in the field. The shrub is compact, green and nicely mounded. The whorls are spaced evenly and spread out. This lavender will also bloom pretty continuously throughout the summer after it is cut back..
Felice (Lavendula Angustifolia "Felice")
Flower Color: Dark Violet Blue Stem Length: 8-10 in Plant Height: 15-18 in Best uses: culinary, sachets, wreaths
I love this lavender for several reasons. My wonderful mother's name was Felice and when I heard that there was a lavender of that name, of course I had to have it. It wasn't easy though. It originates from the Netherlands and is grown in England and a few other countries in Europe. And it is just recently becoming available in the United States. Thankfully, the good folks at Van Hevelingen's nursery in Newburg had a few plants and were trying to propagate from cuttings, which they said they would share with me if the plants took. They must have gotten tired of my emails, checking up on the progress, but thankfully, some of the plants did take and I got 5 plants from Melissa Van Hevelingen the next Spring. The following Spring, I got 60 more and then I started propagating on my own and added 50 more to the field.
The other reason that I love this variety is because it is lovely. The plant itself is a green, compact shrub. The buds are a beautiful rich purple, though not as deep as Royal Velvet and the flowers are a light purple. If Royal Velvet and French Fields had a baby, it would be Felice -- the buds are not as compact as Royal Velvet but not as spaced apart as French Fields. They don’t bloom as early as French Fields, but not as late as Royal Velvet.
Felice is a very enthusiastic lavender, blooming continually and cheerfully throughout the summer -- which is so very fitting for a lavender with my sweet, cheerful, energetic and enthusiastic mom’s name.
Spanish Lavender (Lavandula Stoechas)
Lavendula stoechas is often referred to as Spanish Lavender. But it can be distinguished from other lavenders by the little "rabbit ears" that protrude from the top of the bloom. This is a very hardy lavender that propagates readily in some parts of the world -- sometimes to the point of becoming invasive. In fact, in Australia it's considered an invasive species and a weed. Like the dentata, it's not as well known for its fragrance as the English lavenders. But it can be dried and used for potpourri or used in cooking for meats (it's not as sweet as some of the other culinary lavenders so it isn't used in desserts). The variety to the left is called "Pretty Polly" and is one of my very favorite stoechas.
Little Lavender Farm 11011 NE Paren Springs Rd Dundee, Oregon 97115